Thinking of how to survive in this recession period? Think Liquid Soap Making at commercial level!
Today’s article teaches you how to make liquid soap at commercial level.
Join me to learn it.
Liquid soap is used for laundry and cleaning purpose. In the home, it is used in cleaning tiles, floor, walls, utensils, and toilets. In the hospitals, it is used for general cleaning and sanitation purposes. In the industry, like beer manufacturing company, it is employed in the lubrication of industrial machines. Put together therefore it is clear that a very big market exists for this commodity. The main clients will includes house wives, restaurants, pepper soup houses, hotels, hospitals, corporate bodies just to mention a few.
The project under is a liquid soap manufacturing plant that can be located anywhere in Nigeria. Working on a single shift of 8 hours per day, the plant can produce 400 litres of liquid soap. On three shifts of 8 hours each per day, a daily output of 1200 liters 0f liquid soap in achievable thus giving annual installed capacity as 438,000liters of liquid soap. Attainable capacity is 90% of installed capacity ie 394,200 liters. However, this write –up is based on 666 liters of liquid soap per day and for 300 working days in a year. The required raw materials are palm kernel oil (PKO), caustic soda, ethanol and urea, soda ash, builders and perfume. The key machinery / equipment required are the preparation tank (preferred made of stainless steel), boiler with stirrer, filling pipe, weighing scale.
Caustic soda 35%
TSPP or STPP 1%
Soda ash 2%
Perfume as required
Water to 100%
Caustic soda is dissolved in water in the preparation tank and left overnight. It is essential that it is left for at least 24 hours to enable all chemical reactions to be completed. A specific gravity of 1200kg/m3 with water is considered adequate. Put the palm kernel oil in the boiler and heat gently for some time then add the caustic soda solution into the boiler while stirring. Continue t boil for some minutes. To this mixture add dissolved additives- urea, STPP or TSPP and turn off the heat. The soap in now ready for bottling and sale in the market in one (1) liter bottles. (Note: We do not claim any copyright over this article. It was copied from a research material)
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